An E-ARCH Model For the Term Structure of Implied Volatility of FX Options
Marco Avellaneda and Yingzi Zhu
Applied Mathematical Finance, 1997


We construct a statistical model for the term-structure of implied volatilities of currency options based on daily historical data for 13 currency paris over a 19-month period. We examine the joint evolution of 1-month, 2-months, 3-months, 6-months, and 1-year  at-the-money (50 delta) options in all the currency pairs. We show that there exist three uncorrelated state variables (principal components) which account for the parallel movement, slope oscillation and curvature of the term structure and which explain, on average, the movements  of the term-structure of volatility to more than 95 % in all cases. We test and construct an exponential ARCH , or E-ARCH, model for each state variable. One of the applications of this model is to produce confidence bands  for the term-structure of volatility.