Analysis Seminar

Fall 2014

Coordinators: Jalal Shatah & Nader Masmoudi

The analysis seminar covers a wide range of topics in analysis with particular emphasis on partial differential equations. Many of the speakers are Courant Institute visitors and postdocs. A seminar talk may cover original research or report on an interesting paper. The seminar meets on Thursdays at 11:00 am in room 1302 of Warren Weaver Hall at 251 Mercer Street, New York. Talks generally last an hour. A few special analysis seminars may be held at other times and locations.

The most reliable and inclusive list of weekly seminars and events is to be found in the weekly bulletin that is posted on a day-by-day basis on the CIMS home page.


March 26, 2015
Diego Cordoba, Madrid University

December 11, 2014
Cyrill Muratov, NJIT
A non-local variational problem arising from studies of nonlinear charge screening in graphene monolayers

This talk is concerned with energy minimizers in an orbital-free density functional theory that models the response of massless fermions in a graphene monolayer to an out-of-plane external charge. The considered energy functional generalizes the Thomas-Fermi energy for the charge carriers in graphene layers by incorporating a von-Weizsaecker-like term that penalizes gradients of the charge density. Contrary to the conventional theory, however, the presence of the Dirac cone in the energy spectrum implies that this term should involve a fractional Sobolev norm of the square root of the charge density. We formulate a variational setting in which the proposed energy functional admits minimizers in the presence of an out-of-plane point charge. The associated Euler- Lagrange equation for the charge density is also obtained, and uniqueness, regularity and decay of the minimizers are proved under general conditions. In addition, a bifurcation from zero to non-zero response at a finite threshold value of the external charge is proved. This is joint work with J. Lu and V. Moroz.

December 4, 2014
Abbas Bahri, Rutgers Univ.

Revisiting Contact and Conformal Geometry

We will revisit, using our techniques, Contact Form Geometry and we will describe the results that we can derive using these techniques. Time permitting, we will also discuss some open problems in Conformal Geometry. which come naturally to our understanding.

November 13, 2014

Philippe LeFloch, Univ. Paris 6 and CNRS

Weakly regular Einstein spacetimes with symmetry


November 12, 2014 *special seminar taking place at 10am in WWH 805*
Yannick Sire, Aix-Marseille University

Regularity results for general nonlocal equations of quasilinear type


I will consider an equation which can be seen as a fractional p-laplacian, with measure data. I will introduce a method to prove the existence of suitable classes of solutions. More importantly, I will prove some estimates relating the solution to the associated Wolff potentials of the measure.


November 6, 2014 *special seminar taking place at 2pm in WWH 1302*

Benjamin Harrop-Griffiths, Univ. of California - Berkeley
The lifespan of small data solutions to the KP-I

We show that for small, localized initial data there exists a global solution to the KP-I equation in a Galilean-invariant space using the method of testing by wave packets. This is joint work with Mihaela Ifrim and Daniel Tataru.

November 6, 2014
Mircea Petrache, ETH Zurich
The Yang-Mills Plateau problem in supercritical dimensions

The celebrated results of K. K. Uhlenbeck furnished the bases for a complete variational study of the Yang-Mills functional in dimension 4, leading to the definition of new differential invariants of 4-manifolds by S. K. Donaldson. In this setting the objects of study were Sobolev connections over smooth bundles. In the first part of the talk I will explain how this setting works, and show why it is not sufficient for studying the Yang-Mills functional in dimensions higher than 4.

I will then define a space of weak connections introduced in collaboration with Tristan Riviere, and present our weak closure and approximability results in that setting. These results lead to the an existence-and-regularity theory for Yang-Mills minimizers in dimensions greater than 4. This bears a strong analogy to the work of Federer-Fleming on the Plateau problem. The existence of minimizers requires the definition of new weak connection spaces and we have a proof that they correspond to smooth connections over classical bundles, up to a codimension 5 singular set. This gives a first step for connecting the variational theory to the algebraic geometry framework which motivated some conjectures of Gang Tian. The optimality of the codimension 5 is shown by an explicit example of a minimizer, and the proof of its minimality uses a new combinatorial technique together with a decomposition theorem for vector fields by S. Smirnov.

October 30, 2014
Mark Wilkinson, CIMS

October 23, 2014
Michael Jenkinson, Columbia U.
On-Site and Off-Site Solitary Waves of the Discrete Nonlinear Schrödinger Equation in Multiple Dimensions

We construct several families of symmetric localized standing waves (solitons) to the one-, two-, and three-dimensional discrete nonlinear Schrödinger equation (DNLS) with cubic nonlinearity using bifurcation methods about the continuum limit. Such waves and their energy differences play a role in the propagation of localized states of DNLS across the lattice. The energy differences, which we prove to exponentially small in a natural parameter, are related to the "Peierls-Nabarro Barrier" in discrete systems, first investigated by M. Peyrard and M.D. Kruskal (1984). These results may be generalized to different lattice geometries and inter-site coupling parameters. This is joint work with Michael I. Weinstein.

October 16, 2014
Tom Trogdon, CIMS
Gibbs-like behavior of dispersive PDEs

The classical Gibbs phenomenon is an artifact of non-uniform convergence.  More precisely, it arises from the approximation of a discontinuous function with an analytic partial sum of the Fourier series.  It is known from the work of DiFranco and McLaughlin (2005) that a similar phenomenon occurs when a box initial condition is taken for the free Schrödinger equation in the short-time limit.  This talk is focused extending the linear theory of this work in two ways.  First, we establish sufficient conditions for the classical smoothness of the solutions of linear dispersive equations for positive times.  Second, we derive a highly-oscillatory and computable short-time asymptotic expansion of the solution of general linear dispersive PDEs with a large class of discontinuous initial data.  Boundary-value problems can also be treated.


October 9, 2014
Shouhong Wang, U. of Indiana
Field Theory for Four Fundamental Interactions

First, we present two basic principles, the principle of interaction dynamics (PID) and the principle of representation invariance (PRI). Intuitively, PID takes the variation of the action functional under energy-momentum conservation constraint. PID offers a completely different and natural way of introducing Higgs fields. For gravity, we show that PID is the direct consequence of Einstein’s principle of general relativity and the presence of dark matter and dark energy. PRI requires that the SU(N) gauge theory be independent of representations of SU(N). PRI has remarkably rich physical consequences.

Second, we briefly introduce a field theory coupling the four fundamental interactions, based only on a few fundamental principles and symmetries. This theory leads to insights to the understanding of such challenging problems as the dark matter and dark energy and quark confinement. This is joint work with Tian Ma.

October 2, 2014
Yuri Latushkin, U. of Missouri
The Morse and Maslov indices for multidimensional Schroedinger operators with matrix-valued potentials

We study the Schroedinger operator $L=-\Delta+V$ on a star-shaped domain in $\bbR^d$ with Lipschitz boundary. The operator is equipped with quite general Dirichlet- or Robin-type boundary conditions induced by operators between $H^{1/2}(\dOm)$ and $H^{-1/2}(\dOm)$, and the potential takes values in the set of symmetric $N\times N$ matrices. By shrinking the domain and rescaling the operator we obtain a path in the Fredholm--Lagrangian--Grassmannian of the subspace of $H^{1/2}(\dOm)\times H^{-1/2}(\dOm)$ corresponding to the given boundary condition. The path is formed by computing the Dirichlet and Neumann traces of weak solutions to the rescaled eigenvalue equation. We prove a formula relating the number of negative eigenvalues of $L$ (the Morse index), the signed crossings of the path (the Maslov index), the number of negative eigenvalues of the potential matrix evaluated at the center of the domain, and the number of negative squares of a bilinear form related to the boundary operator. This is a joint work with G. Cox, C. Jones, and A. Sukhtayev.


September 25, 2014
Miles Wheeler, CIMS

Solitary water waves on shear flows and with surface pressure

In this talk we will consider steady traveling solitary water waves which have "large amplitude" in the sense that they are not well-described by traveling wave solutions of KdV. After proving lower and upper bounds on the wave speed and some qualitative properties of the surface profile, we will construct exact solutions using a degree-theoretic continuation argument. Here the novelty will be in the inclusion of an arbitrary distribution of vorticity in the mean flow and/or a prescribed non-constant pressure on the surface.


September 18, 2014
Tristan Buckmaster, CIMS
Onsager's Conjecture

In 1949, Lars Onsager in his famous note on statistical hydrodynamics conjectured that weak solutions to the Euler equation belonging to Hölder spaces with Hölder exponent greater than 1/3 conserve energy; conversely, he conjectured the existence of solutions belonging to any Hölder space with exponent less than 1/3 which dissipate energy.  

The first part of this conjecture has since been confirmed (cf. Eyink 1994, Constantin, E and Titi 1994).  During this talk we will discuss recent work by Camillo De Lellis, László Székelyhidi Jr., Phil Isett and myself related to resolving the second component of Onsager's conjecture. In particular, we will discuss the construction of weak non-conservative solutions to the Euler equations whose Hölder $1/3-\epsilon$ norm is Lebesgue integrable in time.


PREVIOUS SEMINARS

January 16, 2014
Slim Tayachi , University Tunis El Manar
The nonlinear heat equation with high order mixed derivatives of the Dirac delta as initial values and Applications

In this talk we prove local existence of solutions for the nonlinear heat equation $$u_t = \Delta u + |u|^\alpha u, \; t\in(0,T),\; x\in \R^N,\; \alpha>0,$$  with initial values in high order negative Sobolev spaces. In particular, we consider high order mixed derivatives of the Dirac Delta as initial values.

As an application, we prove the existence of initial values $u_0 = \lambda f$ for which the resulting solution blows up in finite time if  $\lambda>0$ is sufficiently small and $\alpha<2/(N+m).$ Here, $f$ satisfies in particular $f\in C_0(\R^N)\cap L^1(\R^N)$ and is anti-symmetric with respect to $x_1,\; x_2,\; \cdots,\; x_m,\; 1\leq
m \leq N,$ where $x:=(x_1,x_2,\cdots,x_N)\in \R^N.$ Moreover we require, $\int_{\R^N} x_1\cdots x_mf(x) dx\not=0$. This extends known ``small lambda" blowup results.

If $f$ is also in $H^1(\R^N)$, then by standard energy arguments, the solution with initial value $u_0 = \lambda f$ blows up in finite time if $\lambda > 0$ is sufficiently large. We prove the existence of a function $f_0$ for which, the solution with initial value  $u_0 = \lambda f_0,\; \alpha<2/(N+m)$ would blow up in finite time  for large and small $\lambda > 0$, but would be global for $\lambda = 1.$

We show also that the condition $\alpha<2/(N+m)$ is sharp. If $\alpha>2/(N+m)$, then all initial data $u_0 = \lambda f$ anti-symmetric in $x_1,x_2,\cdots, x_m,$
$\lambda>0$ is sufficiently small and $f$ satisfying  the same conditions as above produce solutions which are global in time.

 This is a joint work with Fred B. Weissler.

January 30, 2014
Sergiu Klainerman, Princeton University
Are Black Holes Real ?

February 4, 2014
Igor Kukavica   (USC)
On the well-posedness of an interface damped free boundary fluid-structure model

We address a fluid-structure system which consists of the incompressible Navier-Stokes equations and a damped linear wave equation defined on two dynamic domains. The equations are coupled through transmission boundary conditions and additional boundary stabilization effects imposed on the free moving interface separating the two domains.  We will discuss local existence and uniqueness of solutions and establish global existence for small initial data. This is a joint work with M. Ignatova, I. Lasiecka, and A. Tuffaha.

February 6, 2014
Eric Carlen, Rutgers
A quantitative Brunn-Minkowski inequality and estimates on the the remainder in the Riesz rearrangement inequality

We prove a quantitative Brunn-Minkowski inequality for sets E and K, one of which, K,  is assumed convex, but without assumption on the other set. We are
primarily interested in the case in which K is a ball. We use this to prove an estimate on the remainder in the Reisz rearrangement inequality under certain conditions on the three functions involved that are relevant to a problem arising in statistical mechanics:  This is joint work with Franceso Maggi.

February 13, 2014 
Thierry Goudon, Inria, France
Models for “mixtures”, multifluid flows


February 20, 2014 
Thomas H. Otway, Yeshiva University
A weak Dirichlet problem for the cold plasma model


The open Dirichlet problem for elliptic—hyperbolic equations, in which data are prescribed on a proper subset of the boundary, has been studied for decades and arises, for example, in nozzle flow.  But the closed Dirichlet problem for such equations, in which data are prescribed on the entire boundary, is not well known although it also arises naturally, e.g., in transonic flow about a profile and in plasma physics. Recently, Lupo, Morawetz, and Payne showed the existence of weak solutions to a closed Dirichlet problem for a class of equations having strong regularity in comparison to other elliptic—hyperbolic equations. We consider the same problem for an elliptic—hyperbolic equation, introduced by Weitzner in 1984, for which regularity is more problematic.


Andrea Nahmod
, University of Massachusetts, Amherst   *** Please note unusual time and location for this event: 2:30 pm in room WWH 517
Almost sure well-posedness for the periodic 3D quintic NLS below the energy space

In this talk we first review recent progress in the study of certain evolution equations from a non-deterministic point of view (e.g. the random data Cauchy problem) which stems from incorporating to the deterministic toolbox, powerful but still classical tools from probability as well. We will explain some of these ideas and describe in more detail recent work, joint with Gigliola Staffilani on the almost sure well-posedness for  the periodic 3D quintic nonlinear Schrodinger equation in the supercritical regime; that is, below the critical space $H^1(\mathbb T^3)$.


February 27, 2014 
Pierre Germain, CIMS
KdV limit for geometric Schrodinger equations with potential

It is well known that the KdV equation arises as a long wave limit of the Gross-Pitaevskii equation. In this talk, I will present a generalization of this derivation to geometric Schrodinger equations (wave maps). This has applications to various physical situtations : spin models, coupled nonlinear Schrodinger equations.

March 4, 2014 ***** 11 am in room 1302
Erwan Faou, INRIA Rennes and ENS Paris
Landau damping in Sobolev spaces for the Vlasov-HMF model

We consider the Vlasov-HMF (Hamiltonian Mean-Field) model. We consider solutions starting in a small Sobolev neighborhood of a spatially homogeneous state satisfying a linearized stability criterion (Penrose criterion). We prove that these solutions exhibit a scattering behavior to a modified state, which implies a nonlinear Landau damping effect with polynomial rate of damping

March 6, 2014
Tej-eddine Ghoul, CIMS
Stability of infinite time aggregation for Keller-Seguel equation

In this talk we give a sharp description and we proof the stability of the collapse in infinite time for the parabolic elliptic Patlak-Keller-Seguel equation when the mass of the solution is critical equals to 8\pi.

March 20, 2014
Valeria Banica, Universite d'Evry
Various dynamics for several vortex filaments


We consider the Schrödinger system with point vortex-type interactions that was derived by R. Klein, A. Majda and K. Damodaran and by V. Zakharov to modelize the dynamics of N nearly parallel vortex filaments in a 3-dimensional homogeneous incompressible fluid. The known large time existence results are due to C. Kenig, G. Ponce and L. Vega and concern the case of same circulations for two filaments and for a class of configurations of three filaments. We prove large time existence results for particular configurations of four nearly parallel filaments and for a class of configurations of N filaments for any N larger or equal to 2. We also show the existence of travelling wave type dynamics, and we describe configurations leading to collision for N larger or equal to 3. Finally we consider the problem of collisions for perturbations of antiparallel translating pairs of filaments. This are joint works with Erwan Faou and Evelyne Miot.

March 27, 2014
Scott Armstrong

Higher regularity in stochastic homogenization for uniformly elliptic equations

We study uniformly elliptic equations with random coefficients satisfying a finite range of dependence. We show that, with overwhelming probability, solutions possess much higher regularity than can be expected in general for equations with rapidly coefficients. The statements take the form of a priori estimates, except that in place of universal constants are random variables which, while not almost surely bounded, but have quite good integrability in the probability space. These results can be thought of as stochastic, quantitative analogues of the results Avellaneda-Lin developed in the late 80s with compactness arguments. In the stochastic setting, we don't have compactness, but we do have concentration inequalities.


April 1, 2014
Bob Strichartz, Cornell
Spectral asymptotics for "April Fools" wave equations on compact spacetimes that pretend to be elliptic. The Weyl asymptotic law tells you about the spectrum of an elliptic pde on a compact manifold. You would not ordinarily think it would tell you anything about wave equations. Nevertheless, for certain compact spacetimes, such as the product of a circle and a 2-sphere, there is an asymptotic law for the spectrum (separately for the positive and negative part). However, "April Fools!", it gets the dimension wrong. The gist of the argument is elementary number theory (distictions between even and odd numbers). This is joint work with Jonathan Fox, and I will bring along some nice graphics that he has made.
April 10, 2014
Erik Wahlen, University of Lund
Solitary water waves in three dimensions

I will discuss some existence results for solitary waves with surface tension on a three-dimensional layer of water of finite depth. The waves are fully localized in the sense that they converge to the undisturbed state of the water in every horizontal direction. The existence proofs are of variational nature and different methods are used depending on whether the surface tension is weak or strong. In the case of strong surface tension, the existence proof also gives some information about the stability of the waves. The solutions are to leading order described by the Kadomtsev-Petviashvili equation (for strong surface tension) or the Davey-Stewartson equation (for weak surface tension). These model equations play an important role in the theory.

April 11, 2014 ****Please note this talk is at 10am
Mahir Hadzic, Kings College, London

Stability problem in the dust-Einstein system with a positive cosmological constant

The dust-Einstein system models the evolution of a spacetime containing a pressureless fluid, i.e. dust. We will show nonlinear stability of the well-known Friedman-Lemaitre-Robertson-Walker (FLRW) family of solutions to the dust-Einstein system with positive cosmological constant. FLRW solutions represent initially a quiet fluid evolving in a spacetime undergoing accelerated expansion. We work in a harmonic-type coordinate system, inspired by prior works of Rodnianski and Speck on Euler-Einstein system, and Ringstroem's work on the Einstein-scalar-field system. The main new mathematical difficulty is the additional loss of one degree of differentiability of the dust matter. To deal with this degeneracy, we commute the equations with a well-chosen differential operator and derive a family of elliptic estimates to complement the high-order energy estimates. This is joint work with Jared Speck.  
April 17, 2014
Zhouping Xin, Chinese University of Hong Kong
On Multi-Dimensional Compressible Navier-Stokes System with Possible Large Oscillations and Vacuum


In this talk, I will discuss some of recent results on the large time well-posedness of classical solutions to the multi-dimensional compressible Navier-Stokes system with possible large oscillations and vacuum.
The focus will be on finite-time blow-up of classical solutions for the 3-D full compressible Navier-Stokes system, and the global existence of classicla solutions to the isentropic compressible Navier-Stokes system in both 2-D and 3-D in the presence of vacuum and possible large oscillations. Some new estimates on the fast decay of the pressure in the presence of vacuum will be presented,  which are crucial for the well-posedness theory in 2-dimension.



April 24, 2014
Zhen Lei, Fudan
Global well-posedness of incompressible elastodynamics in 2D

In this talk I will report our recent result on the global well posedness of classical solutions to system of incompressible elastodynamics in 2D. The system is revealed to be inherently strong linearly degenerate and automatically satisfies a strong null condition, due to the isotropic nature and the incompressible constraint. 




May 1, 2014
Antoine Gloria

Quantitative central limit theorem for the effective diffusion in iid environments

In this talk I shall present a quantitative central limit theorem for the approximation $A_L$ of the effective diffusion $A_{hom}$ by periodization (on the $L$-torus) in a discrete iid environment in dimension $d\geq 2$. On the one hand, using Stein's method, I shall prove a quantitative estimate on the decay of the Wasserstein distance between $A_L$ minus its expectation rescaled by the square-root of its variance and a normal random variable. On the other hand, I shall prove that the rescaled variance $\sigma_L^2 := L^d \mathrm{var}(A_L)$ has a limit $\sigma^2$ as $L$ goes to infinity, and shall quantify in terms of $L$ the convergence of the expectation of $A_L$ to $A_{hom}$ and the convergence of $\sigma_L^2$ to $\sigma^2$. The proofs of these results are based on a seriesof works in collaboration with Marahrens, Mourrat, Neukamm, and Otto. Combining both types of results then allows us to bound the Wasserstein distance between $\sigma^{-1} L^{d/2} (A_L-A_{hom})$ and a normal random variable by a constant times $L^{-d/2}\log^d L$, which we think is optimal. This is joint work with Jim Nolen (Duke).

May 6, 2014
Reza Pakzad, University of Pittsburgh

May 8, 2014

Marta Lewicka,University of Pittsburgh
On the biharmonic energy with Monge-Ampe`re constraints

May 15, 2014
Miles Wheeler, Brown
Large-amplitude solitary water waves with vorticity 

In this talk, we will construct exact solitary water waves of large amplitude and with an arbitrary distribution of vorticity. Starting from a shear flow with a flat free surface, we use a degree-theoretic continuation argument to construct a global connected set of symmetric solitary waves of elevation, whose profiles decrease monotonically on either side of a central crest. We will also discuss solitary waves generated by a non-constant pressure on the free surface.

May 22, 2014
Philip Rosneau, Tel-Aviv University
Multi-Dimensional Compact Patterns

Solitons, kinks or breathers, are manifestations of weakly nonlinear excitations in, say, anharmonic mass-particle chains. In a strongly anharmonic chains, the tails of the emerging patterns rather than exponentially, decay at a doubly-exponential rate and in the continuum limit collapse into a singular surface with the resulting waves becoming strictly compact, hence their name: compactons. Using the   Z-K, the Sub-linear Complex Klein-Gordon and the Sub-linear NLS equations as examples, we shall show how typical multidimensional compactons emergence and interact. In general, for compact- and hence non-analytical, structures to emerge, the underlying system has to admit a local loss of uniqueness due to, for instance, a degeneracy of the highest order operator or other, singularity inducing, mechanisms. 

June 12, 2014
Messoud Efendiyev Degenerate parabolic equations arising in the modelling of biofilms   




                                                                                                            Fall 2013

September 12
Laurent Thoman, Universite de Nantes
Random weighted Sobolev inequalities

We extend a randomisation method, introduced by Burq-Lebeau on compact manifolds, to the case of the harmonic oscillator.  We construct measures,
under concentration of measure type assumptions, on the support of which we prove optimal weighted Sobolev estimates on R^d. As an application we can prove almost sure global well posedness results for the nonlinear Schrödinger equation with harmonic potential. This is a joint work with Aurélien
Poiret and Didier Robert.

September 19
Zaher Hani, CIMS
Out-of-equilibrium dynamics for the nonlinear Schroedinger equation: From energy cascades to weak turbulence

Out-of-equilibrium dynamics are a characteristic feature of the long-time behavior of nonlinear dispersive equations on bounded domains. This is partly due to the fact that dispersion does not translate into decay in this setting (in contrast to the case of unbounded domains like $R^d$). In this talk, we will take the cubic nonlinear Schroedinger equation as our model and discuss some results and aspects of this out-of-equilibrium dynamics, from energy cascades (i.e. migration of energy from low to high frequencies) to weak turbulence. 

September 26
Vladimir Sverak, University of Minnesota
On invariant measures for 2d Euler and some other models

We will discuss aspects of certain constructions of invariant measures on solutions with finite energy, some of their properties, and connections to the long-time behavior of solutions.


October 3
Patrick Louis Combettes,
Laboratoire Jacques-Louis Lions, Université Paris 6
Splitting two monotone operators goes a long way

A basic problem in applied mathematics is to find a zero of the sum of two monotone operators. The main splitting algorithms for solving this problem were essentially developed in the late 1970s. We show that, by bringing into play duality tools and product formulations, these fundamental splitting principles can be exploited to solve considerably more complex multicomponent composite inclusion problems efficiently. Applications to machine learning, PDEs, and image recovery will be discussed.

October 10
Christophe Lacave, Institut Mathematique de Jussieu
On the motion of a small body immersed in a two dimensional incompressible perfect fluid

In this talk, we consider the motion of a small solid body in a planar ideal fluid, and the limit behavior of the system as the solid body shrinks to a point. We study two regimes:* in the case of a fixed mass, we prove that the solutions converge to a variant of the vortex-wave system where the vortex, placed in the point occupied by the shrunk body, is accelerated by a lift force similar to the Kutta-Joukowski force of the irrotational theory. * in the case of a fixed density, the limit behavior is exactly the vortex-wave system. This work is in collaboration with O. Glass (Paris Dauphine) and F. Sueur (Paris 6-UPMC)

October 17
Jianli Liu
Stability and existence of traveling wave solutions to the timelike extremal surface in Minkowski space

In this talk, firstly we will give the background of global classical solutions to the equation of timelike extremal surface in Minkowski space. Under the appropriate small oscillation assumptions on initial traveling waves, we derive the stability result of the traveling wave solutions.

October 24
Anne-Laure Dalibard
Well-posedness of the Stokes-Coriolis system in the  half-space over a rough surface

This talk is devoted to the well-posedness of the 3d stationary Stokes-Coriolis system set in the half-space over a rough Lipschitz surface. The main issue lies in the fact that we work with solutions of infinite energy: indeed, the Dirichlet data for the Stokes-Coriolis system on the rough boundary does not decrease at infinity. Moreover, we do not assume any kind of spatial structure on the system, i.e. there is no underlying periodicity or stationarity. Following an idea of Gerard-Varet and Masmoudi, the general strategy is to reduce the problem to a bumpy channel bounded in the vertical direction thanks a transparent boundary condition involving  a Dirichlet to Neumann operator. Our analysis emphasizes some strong singularities of the Stokes-Coriolis operator at low horizontal frequencies. One of the main features of our work lies in the definition of a Dirichlet to Neumann operator for the Stokes-Coriolis system with data in the Kato space $H^{1/2}_{uloc}$. This is a joint work with Christophe Prange.
October 31
Hatem Zaag

Blow-up behavior for subconformal semilinear wave equations

November 7
Susan Friedlander
Ill-posedness / Well-posedness Results for a Class of Active Scalar Equations

We discuss a class of active scalar equations where the transport velocities are more singular than the active scalar. There is a significant difference in the well-posedness properties of the problem depending on whether the Fourier multiplier symbol for the velocity is even or odd. The "even" symbol non-diffusive or weakly diffusive equations are ill-posed in Sobolev spaces. However the critically diffusive equations are globally well posed in both the odd and even cases.
Examples of "even" equations are the magnetogeostrophic equation that is a model for the geodynamo and the modified porous media equation.
This is joint work with Francisco Gancedo, Weiran Sun and Vlad Vicol.

November 14
Jacob Bedrossian
A new proof of Landau damping in the nonlinear Vlasov equations

Landau damping is an important mechanism in kinetic descriptions of plasmas, however, mathematical works on the topic have been relatively scarce. We give a simpler proof of Landau damping in the Vlasov equations on the ND torus, originally due to Mouhot and Villani (2011). Moreover, we may take our initial data in Gevrey class smaller than 3, the regularity requirement conjectured in the original work. The proof combines ideas from the original proof with ideas from our recent work on inviscid damping in 2D Euler (joint with N. Masmoudi). The Newton iteration scheme and Lagrangian estimates of the original work are replaced by paraproduct decompositions and the treatment of the plasma echo resonances is simplified by controlled regularity losses in time. Joint work with N. Masmoudi and C. Mouhot.

November 21
Ronen Eldan
A Two-Sided Estimate for the Gaussian Noise Stability Deficit

The Gaussian Noise Stability of a set $A \subset \RR^n$ with parameter $0 <\rho < 1$ is defined as $$ S_\rho(A) = \PP(X,Y \in A) $$ where $X,Y$ are jointly Gaussian random vectors such that X and Y are standard Gaussian vectors and $E X_i Y_j = \delta_{ij} \rho$. Borel's celebrated noise stability inequality states that if $H$ is a half-space whose Gaussian measure is equal to that of $A$, then $S_\rho(H) \geq S_\rho (A)$ for all $0 < \rho < 1$. We will present a novel short proof of this inequality, based on stochastic calculus. Moreover, we prove an almost tight, two-sided, dimension-free robustness estimate for this inequality: by introducing a new metric to measure the distance between the set A and its corresponding half-space H(namely the distance between the two centroids), we show that the deficit between the noise stability of A and H can be controlled from both below and above by essentially the same function of the distance, up to logarithmic factors.As a consequence, we also manage to get the conjectured exponent in the robustness estimate proven by Mossel-Neeman, which uses the total-variationdistance as a metric. Moreover, in the limit $\rho \to 1$, we get an improved dimension free robustness bound for the Gaussian isoperimetricinequality.

Luis Vega
** this talk is at 11:55 directly following the 11:00 talk
The vortex filament equation for a regular polygon

I shall present some recent results obtained in collaboration with V. Banica and F. de la Hoz about the evolution of vortex filaments according to the so-called binormal law. After reviewing the results for filaments with one corner, we will look at the case of general polygons. The dynamics turn out to be quite complex. Among other things numerical evidence on the appearance of multifractals will be given. This multifractal structure turns out to be connected to the one proved by S. Jaffard on Riemann's non-differentiable function.


December 4
Benoit Pausader, Princeton University
Asymptotic behavior for the nonlinear Schrodinger equation with partially periodic data

We consider the NLS equation on quotients of R^d, focusing on the case of RxT^2. The question is to explore the asymptotic behavior of solutions in a more ``compact'' setting. We show how the scattering theory in the quintic case (the equivalent of the mass-critical case) is affected by the ``smaller'' volume and how, in the cubic case theasymptotic behavior is strongly modified by the presence of a secondary dynamics in logarithmic time. In the case of R or RxT (completely integrable case), this secondary dynamics can be explicitely integrated and only causes a phase correction. In the case of RxT^d, d>=2, this dynamics is more complicated and leads to new regimes. In particular, in this case, one can find global solutions which start arbitrarily small in H^s and grow unboundedly with time. This is a joint work with Z. Hani as well as (for the cubic case) N.Tzvetkov and N. Visciglia.


December 12
Remi Schweyer
On the different rates of blow-up for the 1-corotational harmonic heat flow


March 27, 2014
Scott Armstrong



March 20, 2014
Valeria Banica, Universite d'Evry


April 4, 2014
Bob Strichartz
, Cornell
Spectral asymptotics for "April Fools" wave equations on compact >  spacetimes that pretend to be elliptic.
The Weyl asymptotic law tells you about the spectrum of an elliptic pde on a compact manifold. You would not ordinarily think it would tell you anything about wave equations. Nevertheless, for certain compact spacetimes, such as the product of a circle and a 2-sphere, there is an asymptotic law for the spectrum (separately for the positive and negative part). However, "April Fools!", it gets the dimension wrong. The gist of the argument is elementary number theory (distictions > between even and odd numbers). This is joint work with Jonathan Fox


Apr 10, 2014
Erik Wahlen, University of Lund


May 1, 2014
Antoine Gloria







                                                                                                    Spring 2013

January 24
Yin, Z.Y., Sun Yat Sen University

February 7
Phil Isett, Princeton University 
** This seminar is at 10am in room 312

Frederic Rousset,
Construction of multi-solitons solutions for the water waves

February 14
Kenji Nakanishi, Kyoto University
Center-stable manifold of the ground state in the energy space for the critcal wave equation

February 21
No seminar today, Abel Day

February 22
Walter Craig
Vortex filament interactions

February 28
Vlad Vicol, Princeton University
On the inviscid limit for the stochastic Navier-Stokes equations

We discuss recent results on the behavior in the infinite Reynolds number limit of invariant measures for the 2D stochastic Navier-Stokes equations. We prove that the limiting measures are supported on bounded vorticity solutions of the 2D Euler equations. Invariant measures provide a canonical object which can be used to link the fluids equations to the heuristic statistical theories of turbulent flow. Motivated by 2D turbulence considerations we are lead to the problem of well-posedness for the stochastic 2D Euler equations. This is joint work with Nathan Glatt-Holtz and Vladimir Sverak.

March 5 ** This seminar is at 11am in room 1302
Tak Kwong Wong
Local existence and uniqueness of Prandtl equations

The Prandtl equations, which describe the boundary layer behavior of a viscous incompressible fluid near the physical wall, play an important role in the zero-viscosity limit of Navier-Stokes equations. In this talk we will discuss the local-in-time existence and uniqueness for the Prandtl equations in weighted Sobolev spaces under the Oleinik's monotonicity assumption. The proof is based on weighted energy estimates, which come from a new type of nonlinear cancellations between velocity and vorticity.  

March 7
Emmanuel Hebey
Recent advances on Klein-Gordon-Maxwell-Proca systems

Mihai Tohaneanu, Johns Hopkins University ** This seminar is at 12pm
The Strauss conjecture on black holes

The Strauss conjecture for the Minkowski spacetime in three dimensions states that the semilinear equation wave (u) = u^p has a global solution for compactly supported and sufficiently small data if $p> 1+\sqrt 2$. We prove a similar result in the context of Schwarzschild and
Kerr with small angular momentum black holes. This is joint work with H. Lindblad, J. Metcalfe, C. Sogge, and C. Wang.

March 14


Camillo De Lellis, University of Zurich / Princeton University
Regularity theory for area-minimizing currents

It was established by Almgren at the beginning of the eighties that area-minimizing $n$-dimensional currents in Riemannian manifolds are regular up to a singular set of dimension at most $n-2$. To reach this goal Almgren developed an entirely new regularity theory, which occupies a very large monograph, published posthumously.
This talk is based on a series of joint works with Emanuele Spadaro, where we give alternative proofs to all Almgren's main steps, resulting into a much more manageable approach to his entire theory.

March 21
Yannick Sire, University of Marseille
Fractional Ginzburg-Landau equations and boundary harmonic maps

March 28
Thomas Sideris, U.C. Santa Barbara
Almost global existence of small solutions for 2d incompressible Hookean elastodynamics

We will examine the IVP for equations of 2d incompressible isotropic elastodynamics.
We show that classical solutions exist “almost globally" in time, for small initial perturbations of the identity.
We use the energy method with a ghost weight. This is combined with decay estimates, obtained via generalized Sobolev inequalities and weighted L^2 bounds. The argument exploits the inherent null structure of the nonlinearities.
This is joint work with Zhen Lei and Yi Zhou of Fudan University.

April 4
Marius Beceanu, IAS
Strichartz Estimates for Equations with Time-Dependent Potentials

In this talk I present some inequalities valid for Schroedinger's equation and for the wave equation, which hold for a more general class of time-dependent potentials than previously known estimates.

April 18
Yan Yan Li, Rutgers University

A compactness theorem for a fully nonlinear Yamabe problem under a lower Ricci curvature bound

April 23
Fabio Pusateri, Princeton University
Global existence for two-dimensional water waves

April 25
Yoshikazu Giga, University of Tokyo
Analyticity of the Stokes semigroup in space of bounded functions

The Stokes system is a linearized system of the Navier-Stokes equations describing the motion of incompressible viscous fluids. It is believed that the nonstationary problem is very close to the heat equation. (In fact, if one considers the Stokes system in a whole space R^n, the problem is reduced to the heat equation.) The solution operator S(t) of the Stokes system is called the Stokes semigroup. It is well-known that S(t) is analytic in the L^p setting for a large class of domains including bounded and exterior domains with smooth boundaries provided that p is finite and larger than 1. This property is the same as the heat semigroup. Moreover, for the heat semigroup it is analytic even when p equals the infinity.

The corresponding (p=infinity) result for the Stokes semigroup S(t) has been open for more than thirty years even if the domain is bounded. Using a blowup-argument, we have now solved this long-standing problem for a large class of domains, including bounded and exterior domains. A key step is to derive a harmonic pressure gradient estimate by a velocity gradient. We give a sketch of the proof as well as a few possible applications to the Navier-Stokes equations. This is a joint work of my student Ken Abe and the main paper is going to appear in Acta Mathematica.

April 30
Isabelle Gallagher, University Paris 7
The diffusion limit from a hard spheres system, via the linear Boltzmann equation

In this talk we report on a recent result with Laure Saint-Raymond and Thierry Bodineau in which we derive the linear Boltzmann equation from a Newtonian system of hard spheres, following Lanford's proof. This convergence holds for a very long time and enables us to obtain the heat equation in the diffusion limit.

May 3
Edris Titi, UC Irvine


May 9
Philip Rosenau, Tel-Aviv University

On a Well-Tempered Diffusion

The classical transport theory as expressed by, say, the Fokker-Planck equation, lives in an analytical paradise but, in sin. Not only its response to initial datum spreads at once everywhere oblivious of the basic tenets of physics, but it also induces an infinite flux across a sharp interface. Attempting to overcome these difficulties one notices that the moment expansion of any of the micro ensembles of the kind that beget the equations of the classical mathematical physics, say the Chapman-Enskog expansion of Boltzmann Eq., if extended beyond the second moment, yields an ill posed PDE (the Pawla Paradox)!
We shall describe mathematical strategies to overcome these generic difficulties. The resulting flux-limited transport equations are well posed and capture some of the crucial effects of the original ensemble lost in moment expansion. For instance, initial discontinuities do not dissolve at once but persist for a while. There is a critical transition from analytical to discontinuous states with embedded sub-shock(s).

May 16
Neston Guillen, UCLA
Global well-posedness for the homogeneous Landau equation

In joint work with Maria Gualdani we consider the homogeneous Landau equation from plasma physics.  Both global well-posedness and exponential decay to equilibrium are proved assuming only boundedness and spatial decay of the initial distribution. In particular, we can
handle discontinuous initial conditions that might be far from equilibrium. Despite the equation not having a maximum principle the key steps of the proof rely on barrier arguments and parabolic regularity theory.

June 13
Anne-Laure Dalibard, ENS Paris
***Please note this seminar is in room 512
Mathematical study of a degenerate boundary layer

The goal of this talk is to analyze asymptotically an equation stemming from oceanographic models describing the motion of large scale currents. This equation is known to give rise to boundary layers on the east and west coasts of the domain. One of the major issues of our study lies in the fact that the size of these lateral boundary layers becomes very large as one approaches the north and south end points of the domain. In a neighbourhood of these zones, the classical construction of boundary layers must therefore be completely changed. We prove that the north and south boundary layers are the solutions of some evolutionary equation, and that their profile is thus non-intrinsic. We also exhibit discontinuity boundary layers, which penetrate the interior of the domain when the latter has islands, for instance. This is a joint work with Laure Saint-Raymond.


 



Fall 2012

September 6
Edriss Titi, University of California - Irvine
On the Loss of Regularity for the Three-Dimensional Euler Equations


 A basic example of shear flow was introduced by DiPerna and Majda to study the weak limit of oscillatory solutions of the Euler equations of incompressible ideal fluids. In particular, they proved by means of this example that weak limit of solutions of Euler equations may, in some cases, fail to be a solution of Euler equations. We use this shear flow example to provide non-generic, yet nontrivial, examples concerning the immediate loss of smoothness and ill-posedness of solutions of the three-dimensional Euler equations, for initial data that do not belong to C1; . Moreover, we show by means of this shear  flow example the existence of weak solutions for the three-dimensional Euler equations with vorticity that is having a nontrivial density concentrated on non-smooth surface. This is very diferent from what has been proven for the two-dimensional Kelvin-Helmholtz problem where a minimal regularity implies the real analyticity of the interface. Eventually, we use this shear flow to provide explicit examples of non-regular solutions of the three-dimensional Euler equations that conserve the energy, an issue which is related to the Onsager conjecture. In addition, we will use this shear  flow to provide a nontrivial example for the use of vanishing viscosity limit, of the Navier-Stokes solutions, as a selection principle for uniqueness of weak solutions of the 3D Euler equations.
This is a joint work with Claude Bardos.    



September 20
Philippe LeFloch, University of Paris 6
Finite energy method for compressible fluids

I will discuss the initial value problem for the Euler system of compressible fluid flows governed by a general pressure law, when solutions enjoy a certain symmetry (for instance, plane symmetry) and have solely finite total energy. In a recent series of papers with Pierre Germain (Courant Institute), I have established an existence and compactness theory for this problem and analyzed the vanishing viscosity--capillarity limit in weak solutions with finite energy to the Navier-Stokes-Korteweg system. The proposed approach is referred to as the Finite Energy Method for compressible fluid flows and leads to a generalization of DiPerna's theorem (bounded solutions) and LeFloch-Westdickenberg's theorem (finite energy solutions) to the Euler system of polytropic fluids.


September 27
Andrew Comech, Texas A&M
Linear instability of solitary waves in nonlinear Dirac equation

We study the linear instability of solitary wave solutions  to the nonlinear Dirac equation (known to physicists as the Soler model). That is, we linearize the equation at a  solitary wave and examine the presence of eigenvalues with  positive real part.

We show that the linear instability of the small amplitude  solitary waves is described by the Vakhitov-Kolokolov stability
criterion which was obtained in the context of the nonlinear  Schroedinger equation: small solitary waves are linearly
unstable in dimensions 3, and generically linearly stable in 1D.

A particular question is on the possibility of bifurcations  of eigenvalues from the continuous spectrum; we address it
using the limiting absorption principle and the Hardy-type estimates.

The method is applicable to other systems, such as the  Dirac-Maxwell system.

Some of the results are obtained in collaboration with  Nabile Boussaid, Université de Franche-Comté, and
Stephen Gustafson, University of British Columbia.

October 4
Tej-eddin Gouhl, CIMS

October 11
Arie Israel, CIMS
The Whitney Extension Problem in Sobolev Spaces

October 18
Christophe Lacave  (Paris 7)
Large time behavior for the two-dimensional motion of a disk in a viscous fluid

October 25
Wang Changyou, University of Kentucky
Well-posedness of the nematic liquid crystal flow in  $L3_{uloc}(R3)$ 

In this talk, I will consider a simplified Ericksen-Leslie system modeling the incompressible nematic liquid crystal flow.  For any initial data $(u_0,d_0)$, with $(u_0,\nabla d_0)$ belonging to   $L3_{uloc}(R3)$-- the space of uniformly locally $L3$-integrable functions, we will show the   local well-posedness provided that the $L3_{uloc}(R3)$-norm of $(u_0,\nabla d_0)$ is small.    A characterization of the first singular time for such a solution will also be given. This is a joint  work with Jay Hineman.

November 1
Jeremie Szeftel, ENS, France
Bounded L2 curvature conjecture

November 8
Gilles Francfort, University of Paris 13
Elasto-plasticity: heterogeneity and homogenization

November 15
Sylvia Serfaty, CIMS
Large vorticity local minimizers to the Ginzburg-Landau functional

November 29
Andrew Lawrie, University of Chicago ** This seminar is at 11am
Classification of large energy equivariant wave maps

I will discuss some recent joint work with Raphael Cote, Carlos Kenig, and Wilhelm Schlag. We consider energy critical 1-equivariant wave maps, R1+2 ! S2. This problem admits a unique (up to scaling) harmonic map, Q, given by stereographic projection. We show that every topologically trivial (degree 0) solution with energy less than twice the energy of Q exists globally in time and scatters. Next we establish a classi cation, in the spirit of recent work by Duyckaerts, Kenig, and Merle, of all degree 1 solutions with energy below three times the energy of Q.

Vedran Sohinger, University of Pennsylvania. **This seminar is at 11:55am
The Boltzmann equation, Besov spaces, and optimal decay rates in R^n

In this talk we will study the large-time convergence to the global Maxwellian of perturbative classical solutions to the Boltzmann equation on R^n, for n geq 3, without the angular cut-off assumption. We prove convergence of the k-th order derivatives in the norm L^r_x (L^2_v), for any 2 leq r leq infty, with optimal decay rates, in the sense that they are equal to the rates which one obtains for the corresponding linear equation. The initial data is assumed to lie in a mixed norm space involving the negative homogeneous Besov space of order geq -n/2 in the space variable, without a smallness assumption on the appropriate norm. The space for the initial data is physically relevant since it contains spaces of the type L^p_x (L^2_x), by the use of Besov-Lipschitz space embeddings. Due to the nature of the vector valued spaces, we need to use a vector analogue of the Calderon-Zygmund theory to prove the necessary nonlinear energy estimates. These results hold both in the hard and soft potential case. Furthermore, in the hard potential case, we prove additional optimal decay results if the order of the Besov space belongs to [-(n+2)/2,-n/2). The latter result requires a closer study of the spectrum of the linearized Boltzmann operator for small frequencies dual to the spatial variable. This is a joint work with Robert Strain.

December 4

Frederic Bernicot, University of Nantes  **Please note special day and place of this event 10am room 1314
Transport of BMO-type spaces by a measure-preserving map and applications to 2D Euler equation

We will present some sharp estimates about the transport of BMO-type spaces, via a bi-Lipschitz measure preserving map
in the Euclidean space. More precisely,  we are interested in inequalities of the following type: $$  \| f(\phi) \|_X \lesssim C(\phi) \|f\|_X   $$
where $X$ is a space like BMO, Lipschitz space, Hardy space, Carleson measure spaces .... and $\phi$ is a bi-Lipschitz measure preserving map.
The aim is to prove such inequalities with a sharp constant $C(\phi)$. We want to emphasize how the "measure preserving" property allows us to
get some improved inequalities. Then, we will explain how we can use this argument to describe a new framework for 2D Euler equations. We can define a space strictly containing $L^\infty$ where global well-posedness results can be proved with the vorticity living in this new space.

December 6
Jonathan Luk, Princeton University **Please note this seminar is at 11am
Impulsive Gravitational Waves

We study the problem of the propagation and nonlinear interaction of impulsive gravitational waves for the vacuum Einstein equations. The problem is studied in the context of a characteristic initial value problem with data given on two null hypersurfaces and containing curvature delta singularities. For a single impulsive gravitational wave, we show that in the resulting spacetime, the delta singularity propagates along a 3-dimensional characteristic hypersurface, while away from that hypersurface the spacetime remains smooth. We also construct spacetimes representing interaction of two impulsive gravitational waves in which the curvature delta singularities propagate along two 3-dimensional null hypersurfaces intersecting to the future of the data. To the past of the intersection, the spacetime can be thought of as containing two independent, non-interacting impulsive gravitational waves and the intersection represents the first instance of their nonlinear interaction. Our analysis extends to the region past their first interaction and shows that the spacetime still remains smooth away from the continuing propagating individual waves. This is joint work with Igor Rodnianski.


Remi Schweyer, Toulouse**Please note this seminar is at 11:55am
Stable blow-up dynamics for the parabolic-elliptic Keller-Segel model of chemotaxis


December 13
Clement Mouhot, Cambridge




                                                                                                 Spring 2012                                                                                              

January  19
Tianling Jin (Rutgers)
A fractional Yamabe flow and some applications.




In this talk, we introduce a fractional Yamabe flow involving nonlocal conformally invariant operators on the conformal infinity of asymptotically hyperbolic manifolds, and show that on the conformal spheres $(S^n, [g_{S^n}])$, it converges to the standard sphere up to a Mobius diffeomorphism. This result allows us to obtain extinction profiles of solutions of some fractional porous medium equations. In the end, we use this fractional fast diffusion equation, together with its extinction profile and some estimates of its extinction time, to improve a Sobolev inequality via a quantitative estimate of the remainder term. This is joint work with Jingang Xiong.




January 25  ** Special Wednesday Seminar**
Frederic Bernicot
Differential inclusions describing unilateral constraints




We will present existing and new results about differential inclusions, involving proximal normal cone. This tool aims to encode unilateral constraints in some differential equations of order 1 and 2. Using some convex analysis, we presnet results of global existence for solutions of such equations and we will discuss about the uniqueness of them









January 26
Lazhar Tayeb (University of Tunis)
Approximation by diffusion and homogenization for Fermi-Dirac-Poisson Statistics




We study the diffusion approximation of a  Boltzmann-Poisson system dealing with Fermi-Dirac statistics  in the presence of an extra external  oscillating electrostatic potential. The relative entropy disspation and the two-scale Young  measures are used to prove a two-scale strong convergence leading to a nonlinear Drift-diffusion with a effective potential and coupled to Poisson equation.




February 2
Hideyuki Miura
On fundamental solutions for fractional diffusion equations with divergence free drift




We are concerned with fractional diffusion equations in the presence of a divergence free drift term. By using the Nash approach, we show the existence of fundamental solutions, together with the continuity estimates, under weak regularity assumptions on the drift. Our results give the alternative proof of Caffarelli-Vasseur's theorem on the regularity for the critical 2D dissipative quasi-geostrophic equations. This is a joint work with Yasunori Maekawa.




February 9
Alessio Figalli, UT Austin ** this talk is at 10am**
Di Perna-Lions theory, with application to semiclassical limits for the Schrodinger equation




At the beginning of the '90, DiPerna and Lions studied in detail the connection between transport equations and ordinary differential equations. In particular, by proving an existence and uniqueness result at the level of the transport equation, they obtained (roughly speaking)
existence and uniqueness of solutions for ODEs with Sobolev vector-fields for a.e. initial condition. Ten years later, Ambrosio has been able to extend such a result to BV vector fields. In some recent works we have investigated this theory in a more general setting, which allows us to show the semiclassical convergence of the quantum dynamics to the Liouville dynamics for the linear Schrodinger equations, under very weak regularity assumptions on the potential. In analogy to the classical DiPerna-Lions' theory, the price to pay for allowing singular potential is that the convergence result holds true only for "a.e. initial data", where "a.e." is with respect to a suitable family of reference measures in the space of the initial data. The aim of this talk is to give an overview of these results.




Mahir Hadzic (MIT)
The Classical Stefan problem and the vanishing surface tension limit





We develop a new unified framework for the treatment of well-posedness for the Stefan problem with and without surface tension.  We provide new estimates for the regularity of the moving surface in the absence of surface tension. We conclude by proving that solutions of the Stefan problem with positive surface tension converge to solutions of the
Stefan problem without surface tension. This is joint work with S. Shkoller.




February 16
Paul Feehan (Rutgers)
Degenrate Obstacle Problems




Degenerate elliptic and parabolic obstacle problems arise in mathematical finance when valuing American-style options on an underlying asset modeled by a degenerate diffusion process. We will describe our work on existence, uniqueness, and regularity of solutions to stationary and evolutionary variational inequalities and associated obstacle problems when the underlying asset is modeled by a degenerate diffusion process. This is joint work with Panagiota Daskalopoulos (Department of Mathematics, Columbia University) and Camelia Pop (Department of Mathematics, Rutgers University).

February 23
Vitaly Moroz (Swansea, UK)
Existence and concentration for nonlinear Schroedinger equations with fast decaying potentials

We discuss the existence of positive stationary solutions for a class of nonlinear Schrödinger equations. Amongst other results, we prove the existence of semi-classical solutions which concentrate around a positive local minimum of the potential. The novelty is that no restriction is imposed on the rate of decay of the potential at infinity. In particular, we cover the case where the potential is compactly supported. This is joint work with Jean Van Schaftingen(Louvain-la-Neuve, Belgium)

Erwan Faou

March 1
Frederic Rousset (Rennes)
Uniform regularity and inviscid limit for free surface Navier-Stokes

March 8
Masashi Aiki

March 9 ** this talk is at 1pm in WWH 512
Pengfei Guan (McGill University)
On a uniqueness problem in classical geometry and the maximum principle

March 15
P-E Jabin

March 22
Tuomas Hytonen
How much, or little, is needed for Harmonic Analysis?

One aspect of my recent work has been developing harmonic analysis under minimal assumptions on the space on which the considered functions are defined. Perhaps surprisingly, some classical methods, which at first sight seem to rely heavily on the structure and symmetries of the Euclidean space, can actually be extended to very general settings. On the other hand, some methods developed to tackle with abstract spaces, have shown to be instrumental for getting sharp results for classical inequalities on the Euclidean space.

March 27 ** Special Seminar 3/27 @ 11:30a.m.**
Zhen Lei
On Incompressible Euler and navier-Stokes Equations

In this talk I will report our recent results on finite time finite energy singularities of a 3D incompressible inviscid model of Euler and Navier-Stokes equations and a Liouville theorem for axi-symmetric navier-Stokes equations.


March 29
Victor Lie, Princeton University
Topics in the time-frequency analysis

This talk will be structured as follows: we start by discussing several facts about the history and evolution of the time-frequency area (Fourier Series, Calderon-Zygmund theory, wave-packet theory) and then refer to the general approach/tools for solving a time-frequency problem. Next we present two fundamental topics in this ¯eld: the pointwise con- vergence of the Fourier Series and the boundedness of the Bilinear Hilbert transform. Further we address several aspects of our work including the problem of the boundedness of the Bilinear Hilbert transform on smooth curves and the question regarding the boundedness of the Polynomial Car-leson operator


April 5

Cyrill Muratov
Asymptotic properties of ground states of scalar field equations with vanishing parameter


We study the leading order behavior of positive solutions of the equation
−Δu + εu−|u|p−2u + |u|q−2u = 0, x RN, where N ≥ 3, q > p > 2 and when ε > 0 is a small parameter. We give a complete characterization of all possible asymptotic regimes as a function of p, q and N. The behavior of solutions depends sensitively on whether p is less, equal or bigger than the critical Sobolev exponent p = 2N/(N−2). For p < p the solution asymptotically coincides with the solution of the equation in which the last term is absent. For p > p the solution asymptotically coincides with the solution of the equation with ε = 0. In the most delicate case p = p the asymptotic behavior of the solutions is given by a particular solution of the critical Emden–Fowler equation, whose choice depends on ε in a nontrivial way.



April 10
Eric Lindgren (NTNU)
Fractional eigenvalues
I will discuss a non-local eigenvalue problem that arises as the Euler-Lagrange equation of Rayleigh quotients in the fractional Sobolev spaces. This can be seen as a non-local or fractional version of the eigenvalue problem for the p-Laplacian. In particular, I will talk about the limiting case when p goes to infinity for which the eigenvalues exhibit some strange behaviour that can be seen even in some one-dimensional examples.

April 12

David Gerard-Varet (Paris 7)
Dynamics of a rough body in a viscous fluid

April 19
Marcel Guardia, IAS **please note this seminar is at 10am**
Growth of Sobolev norms for the cubic defocusing nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation in polynomial time

We consider the cubic defocusing nonlinear Schr\"odinger equation in the two dimensional torus. Fix s>1. Colliander, Keel, Staffilani, Tao and Takaoka (2010) proved existence of solutions with s-Sobolev norm growing in time by any given factor R. Refining their methods in several aspects we find solutions with s-Sobolev norm growing in polynomial time in R. This is a joint work with V. Kaloshin.

Dehua Wang (University of Pittsburgh)

April 26
Alberto Bressan (Penn State)
Nash equlibria for a odel of traffic flow

In connection with the Lighthill-Whitham model of traffic flow, a cost functional can be introduced depending on the departure
time and on the arrival time of each driver. Under natural assumptions, there exists a unique globally optimal solution, minimizing the total cost to all drivers. In a realistic situation, however, the actual traffic is better described by the Nash equilibrium solution, where no driver can lower his individual cost by changing his own departure time. A characterization of the Nash solution can be provided, establishing its existence and uniqueness. Extensions to the case of several groups of drivers on a network of roads will also be discussed, together with open problems.


May 1 **Please note special day**
Yifeng Yu (UC Irvine)
G-equations in the modeling of turbulent flame speeds

Predicting turbulent flame speed ($s_T$) is a fundamental
problem in turbulent combustion theory. Several simplified models have been proposed to study $s_T$.  The G-equation (A Hamilton-Jacobi level set equation) is a very popular model in turbulent combustion. Two important projects are (1) establish the theoretical existence of $s_T$ and (2) determine the dependence of turbulent flame speeds on the turbulence intensity (think of the relation between the spreading velocity of wild fire and strength of the wind). In this talk, I will present some theoretical results under the G-equation model. If time permits, I will also compare it with predictions from a model introduced by Majda and
Souganidis.  These are joint works with Jack Xin. May 3
Anne-Sophie de Suzzoni (CERGY)
On statistical description of the flow of dispersive PDEs

May 10
Ben Schweitzer (University of Dortmund)
Homogenization of Maxwell equations in complex geometries: on the counter-intuitive behavior of meta materials


Optically active meta-materials can nowadays be constructed as  physical objects. They can have astonishing properties or lead to  striking effects, the key-words are negative refraction, perfect imaging, and cloaking. I will present the effect of a negative  magnetic permeability of the effective material and perfect light  transmission through small holes in a metallic structure.

Mathematically, we analyze the time-harmonic Maxwell equations in a  heterogeneous medium, the coefficients of the equation can oscillate  on a small spatial scale and the oscillations of the values can be  very large. The heterogeneity of the optical medium is prescribed by  specifying the permittivity, which varies on a small length scale \eta. The electric and magnetic fields are determined by the time-harmonic Maxwell system. We analyze the weak limits of the  electric and magnetic fields as \eta tends to zero, obtaining an "effective equation" that characterizes the limits. The coefficients  of the effective equation describe the behavior of the metamaterial.
This is joint work with G. Bouchitte and with A. Lamacz.

May 17
Benjamin Texier
The onset of instability in quasi-linear systems

May 31
Messoud Efendiev
Finite and infinite dimensional attractors for porous medium equations

June 7
Slim Ibrahim, University of Victoria  ***Please note this talk is at 10:00am
Existence of a ground state and scattering for a nonlinear Schroedinger equation with critical growth

This talk concerns the focusing energy-critical nonlinear Schroedinger equation with a mass-supercritical and energy-subcritical perturbation. In particular, we consider the existence of a ground state and  the scattering problem in the spirit of Kenig-Merle.
This is a joint work with Akahori, Kikushi and Nawa

Adimurth Tifrcam, Bangalore  **Please note this talk is at 11:00 am
Structure Theorem for entropy solutions of Conservation Law

Fall 2011

September 15
Camil Muscalu, Cornell University
Triangular Fourier series and physical reality

September 22
Zaher Hani, CIMS
Long time strong instability and unbounded orbits for some nonlinear Schrodinger equations

Tuesday, September 27, 10:00 a.m. in room 1314
Xavier Cabre, Universitat Politecnica de Catalunya
Minimal surfaces and entire solutions of the Allen-Cahn equation

September 29
Benoit Pausader, CIMS
The energy critical Schrodinger equation on the 3D torus

October 6
George Hagstrom, CIMS
A Krein-Moser Theorem for Vlasov-Poisson

October 13
Federica Sani, CIMS and Univ of Milan
Sharp Adams-type inequalities in R^N

October 20
Jacob Bedrossian, CIMS
Global existence and finite time blow-up for critical Patlak-Keller-Segel models with spatially inhomogeneous diffusion

Special Analysis Seminar Tuesday October 25
2 pm room 1302 WWH Nassif Ghoussoub
University of British Columbia Selfdual polar decomposition

October 27
Vincent Duchene, Columbia University
Asymptotic models for internal waves in the long wave regime, and the dead water phenomenon

November 3
Alex Ionescu, Princeton
On the local extension of Killing vector-fields in Ricci flat manifolds

I will discuss some recent work, joint with S. Klainerman, on the problem of extension of Killing vector-fields in manifolds that satisfy the Einstein vacuum equations. This problem is motivated by the black hole rigidity conjecture, concerning the uniqueness of the Kerr family among regular, stationary black hole solutions of the Einstein vacuum equations.

November 10
Comgming Li, University of Boulder
A degree theory approach for the shooting method

November 17
Christophe Lacave, Universite Paris-Diderot (Paris 7)
Well-posedness for Euler 2D in non-smooth domains

The well-posedness of the Euler system has been of course the matter of many works, but a common point in all the previous studies is that the boundary is at least $C^{1,1}$. In a first part, we will establish the existence of global weak solutions of the 2D incompressible Euler equations for a large class of non-smooth open sets. These open sets are the complements (in a simply connected domain) of a finite number of connected compact sets with positive capacity. Existence of weak solutions with $L^p$ vorticity is deduced from an approximation argument, that relates to the so-called $\gamma$-convergence of domains. In a second part, we will prove the uniqueness if the open set is the interior or the exterior of a simply connected domain, where the boundary has a finite number of corners. Although the velocity blows up near these corners, we will get a similar theorem to the Yudovich's result, in the case of an initial vorticity with definite sign, bounded and compactly supported. The key point for the uniqueness part is to prove by a Liapounov energy that the vorticity never meets the boundary. The existence part is a work in collaboration with David Gerard-Varet.

SPECIAL ANALYSIS SEMINAR, November 22, 11 a.m., room 1314
Shen Zhongwei, University of Kentucky
The Periodic Homogenization of Green's and Neumann Functions

December 1st
Oana Pocovnicu (Imperial College, London)
Effective dynamics of a non-linear wave equation

We consider the non-linear wave equation on the real line iu_t-|D|u=|u|^2u. Its resonant dynamics is given by the Szego equation, which is a completely integrable non-dispersive non-linear equation. We show that the solution of the wave equation can be approximated by that of the resonant dynamics for a long time. The proof uses the renormalization group method introduced by Chen, Goldenfeld, and Oono in the context of theoretical physics. As a consequence, we obtain growth of high Sobolev norms of certain solutions of the non-linear wave equation, since this phenomenon was already exhibited for the Szego equation.

December 8
Aynur Bulut (IAS)
The defocusing Cubic Nonlinear Wave Equation in the Energy Super-critical Regime

In this talk, we will discuss a series of recent works on the global well-posedness and scattering conjecture for the defocusing cubic nonlinear wave equation in the energy super-critical regime, that is dimensions five and higher.  More precisely, using a concentration compactness approach we show that if a solution remains bounded in the critical Sobolev space throughout its maximal interval of existence then it is global and scatters.

December 15
Daniela Tonon (ICERM and SISSA)
Regularity of viscosity solutions for Hamilton-Jacobi equations.

We present two results on the regularity of viscosity solutions of  Hamilton-Jacobi equations obtained in collaboration with Professor Stefano Bianchini. When the Hamiltonian is strictly convex viscosity solutions are semiconcave, hence their gradient is BV. First we prove the SBV regularity of the gradient of a viscosity solution of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation  u_t+ H(t,x,D_x u)=0 in an open set of R^(n+1), under the hypothesis of uniform convexity of the Hamiltonian H in the last variable. Secondly we remove the uniform convexity hypothesis on the Hamiltonian, considering a viscosity solution u of the Hamilton-Jacobi equation  u_t+ H(D_x u)=0  in an open set of R^(n+1) where H is smooth and convex. In this case the viscosity solution is only locally Lipschitz. However when the vector field d(t,x):=H_p(D_xu(t,x)), here H_p is the gradient of H, is BV for all t in [0,T] and suitable hypotheses on the Lagrangian L hold, the divergence of  d(t, ) can have Cantor part only for a countable number of t's in [0,T]. These results extend a result of Bianchini, De Lellis and Robyr for a uniformly convex Hamiltonian  which depends only on the spatial gradient of the solution.



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